Kabuli Chickpeas

Chickpea or chana is a very important pulse crop that grows as a seed of a plant named Cicer arietinum in the Leguminosae family. This light brown colored pulse is considered to be a good source of protein and is also called by the name of Garbanzo beans. Chana is used as an edible seed and is also used for making flour throughout the globe. Having a capacity to stand in drought conditions, this crop doesn’t have the requirement of being fed with nitrogen fertilizers.

The varieties of chana or chickpea are separated on the basis the seed size, color and taste. Two of those varieties, namely Kabuli and Desi, as they are termed in India, are very important in terms of usage and commercial purposes.

Desi Chick Peas: It is small in size, darker seeds with rough coat, cultivated mostly in the Indian subcontinent.

Desi means country or local in Hindi, this Desi chick peas is also known as Bengal gram or Kala chana. Desi chickpeas have markedly higher fiber content than Kabuli chickpeas and hence a very low glycemic index which makes them suitable for people with blood sugar problems. The desi chick peas is used to make Chana Dal, which is a split chickpea with the skin removed also known as Gram Dal.

Kabuli Chick Peas: It has lighter colour, larger seeds and a smoother coat, mainly grown in India, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Chile.

Kabuli means from Kabul in Hindi, since they were thought to have come from Afghanistan when first seen in India.

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